secure platform, safe platform, certifiable platform, adaptable platform, mixed-criticality platform

for unmanned systems 

DRONE GROWTH ACROSS INDUSTRIES

Is a drone a UAV? Is a UAV a UAS? Since the term “drone” has been used for land-based and below-the-waterline craft, our take is that all UAVs (unmanned aerial vehicles) are drones, while not all drones are UAVs. An Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) comprises the UAV, as well as potentially the ground station, satellites, and other components.

Insider Intelligence, which defines enterprise drones as all UAVs sold directly to a business for use in its operations, predicts total global shipments to reach 2.4 million in 2023 – increasing at a 66.8% compound annual growth rate. Drone growth will occur across five main segments of the enterprise industry: Agriculture, construction and mining, insurance, media and telecommunications, and law enforcement.

In the military segment, the vision is that these unmanned craft will NOT be single entities. Instead, the Air Force needs a crewed platform that is teamed with a much less expensive autonomous uncrewed combat aircraft, with a mix of sensors, weapons and other mission equipment, that operate as a team or formation.

There is an extraordinary amount of technology that must be integrated into these platforms:
  • Communications (Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, cellular), including secured connection to cloud infrastructure
  • Positioning (GPS, accelerometers, gyros)
  • Electric motor control
  • Imaging (H.265/264)
  • DSP / AI / ML computation
  • Battery management

The drive to reduce cost and footprint of the electronics means that there is a strong demand to run all of the intelligence from a single component. Effectively, it is a server platform running multiple applications in parallel. From a software point of view, the challenge is how to deploy functionality that demands real-time determinism along with more feature rich operating systems like Linux to deliver the networking connectivity and main system management. And these systems need to be certifiable.

 

 

UNMANNED SYSTEMS AT A GLANCE

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Drone Services Revenue in 2026

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Number of countries with military drones

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Deliveries to be made by drones during 2022

SAFETY AND SECURITY

Developers of UAS software must:

  • Meet aviation safety certification requirements (DO-178C)
  • Isolate classified security enclaves
  • Enable software reusability using open standards such as FACE, POSIX, and ARINC 65

Founded on the DoD security certified LynxSecure® Separation Kernel Hypervisor, LYNX MOSA.ic—a foundation for constructing modular systems offering real-time, security, and certifiability—provides support for both the development of safety critical applications on an FAA certified LynxOS-178 RTOS and noncritical applications on Linux operating systems.

 

OPEN STANDARDS AND REUSE

The FAA DO-178C safety quality standards for software are noted as the most rigorous and costly development standards imposed on software development projects. In acknowledgement and response to overwhelming development and certification costs, FAA introduced the concept of the Reusable Software Component (RSC) in Advisory Circular AC 20-148 – “Because of economic incentives and advances in software component technology, software developers want to develop an RSC that can be integrated into many systems’ target computers and environments with other system software applications, as determined by the integrator or applicant”.


LYNXOS-178 POSIX + RSC RTOS

LynxOS-178 is the only RTOS awarded the FAA RSC. This achievement highlights Lynx’s commitment to the principles of the Modular Open Systems Approach (MOSA) and, more importantly, passes forward the safety certification reuse benefits to developers building safety critical software. LynxOS-178 is offered with a full set of DO-178C DAL-A certification artifacts for systems requiring the highest level of avionics safety certification.

 

FLYING CARS
WHAT IS REQUIRED TO MAKE THEM A REALITY?

Daedelean CEO Luuk Van Dijk speaks with Lynx VP Marketing Ian Ferguson about the future of autonomous air transport.

WATCH VIDEO

 

REFERENCE UAS DESIGN (3D VIEW)

UAS Reference Architecture - System A

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